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Seeking the Lord, A 30 Day Start to Your Journey
By Keon Lindsey
Copyright © 2020 by Keon Lindsey
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning, or otherwise without written permission from the publisher. It is illegal to copy this book, post it to a website, or distribute it by any other means without permission.
Scripture quotations, unless otherwise indicated, are taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
What does it mean to search for God? What about the terms “seek the Lord,” “come to Jesus,” or “find God”? My interest in this topic was sparked on Sunday, March 23, 2013, after hearing two sermons on the phrase “seek the Lord.” While visiting my childhood church, I heard Pastor E.T. Knight preach from 2 Chronicles 20:2–4, a passage in which King Jehoshaphat “set himself to seek the Lord” and was delivered from a time of trouble. That same day, driving home I heard Dr. J.V. McGee’s Thru the Bible radio broadcast discussing how Ezra “prepared his heart to seek the Law of the Lord” in Ezra 7:10. Both messages were powerful and motivating, but I wanted to know more and began investigating. This book contains the insights I have discovered. Why should we seek the Lord, and how can we best do so? Exactly what does it mean to seek the Lord? Let’s go together on a journey to learn about seeking.
Before discussing how to seek the Lord, let’s first ask why. Why does anyone need to seek God? Isn’t He supposed to be all around us? A quick look at history provides the answer. You might be familiar with the story of God creating Adam and Eve and placing them in the Garden of Eden where everything was perfect. In those early days, humans enjoyed perfect fellowship with God. But Adam and Eve rebelled by eating the forbidden fruit, which broke their relationship with God. This rebellion, called sin, separated humanity from God. This is bad news. Today, each of us rebels against God and is separated from Him. Yet we were made for a relationship with the Lord, and only in pursing that relationship will we have the true fulfilling life that we long for. This is why we need to seek the Lord!
It is very interesting that the first recorded instance of anyone seeking is when Adam and Eve hid from God. The Lord came to see them and “called unto Adam… ‘Where are you?’” (Genesis 3:9). In spite of their sin, God cared so much that He called out to mankind. The Lord is still calling today. This is good news.
What about humankind’s first instance of calling out to God? Sometime after Adam’s grandson was born, “then began men to call upon the name of the Lord” (Genesis 4:26). Why so long? Probably by this time people saw the consequences of sin sweeping the world (Genesis 6:5) and began to call out for help. This quick background leads us to what it means to seek.
Definitions – The Meaning of Seek
Our examples of seeking will make more sense if we first have a definition of the term. When the word seek appears in our English translations of the Bible, that word has been translated from one of several different words in Hebrew or Greek, the original biblical languages. Let’s take a look at four of the words that are translated seek and see how they differ.
In the Old Testament (the first part of the Bible written primarily in Hebrew), seek is commonly taken from a Hebrew word meaning “to search out” and by implication “to strive after.”[i] This word is used in Deuteronomy 4:29, 1 Chronicles 16:10, Proverbs 28:5, et al. For example, King David said,
One thing I have desired of the LORD,
That I may dwell in the house of the LORD
All the days of my life,
To behold the beauty of the LORD,
And to inquire in His temple. (Psalm 27:4)
How is seek used here? It shows someone who is striving to live in God’s house! It is as if David was saying, “Lord, please let me get close to You. I want this more than anything, and I’ll do whatever it takes to make it possible!” What have you strived after, searched for, or pursued in life?
In the Old Testament another frequent meaning of the word seek is “to follow” (from the root word meaning “to tread or frequent,” which implies “to ask or seek”).[ii] This word is used in 2 Chronicles 15:2 and 12, Psalm 22:26, Psalm 34:10, et al. For example,
Then the children of Israel who had returned from the captivity ate together with all who had separated themselves from the filth of the nations of the land in order to seek the LORD God of Israel. (Ezra 6:21)
What is going on here? These people realized that to follow and be close to God, they had to move away from sin. The same is true today.
In the New Testament (the part of the Bible covering Jesus’ life and His followers, which was written in Greek), there are two words commonly used for seek. One literally means “to seek” or, by implication of use in Hebrew, “to worship God”; also “to be about, [to] desire.”[iii] This word is seen in Mark 16:6 and is the only word used for seek in the Gospel of John (except for John 4:23). For example, Jesus said,
“Ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you.” (Matthew 7:7)
Here, seek is coupled with asking and knocking, and we get a picture of pursuing something desirable. What is your life about? What do you desire?
The other main use of seek in the New Testament means “to demand, to crave” or “desire, inquire, seek.”[iv] This is found in Matthew 12:39, Mark 8:12, Luke 12:30, et al. How is the word seek used in these places? Here is an example:
“Therefore do not worry, saying, ‘What shall we eat?’ or ‘What shall we drink?’ or ‘What shall we wear?’ For after all these things the Gentiles seek. For your heavenly Father knows that you need all these things.” (Matthew 6:31–32)
Jesus used seek in connection with satisfying a need for survival. We tend to demand or crave food and clothing to live. It is a preoccupation to the point of desperate worry. Yet Jesus told us not to worry. Instead of being preoccupied with physical needs, what or who should we crave?
Preparing to Seek
Now that you have some background and basic understanding, are you ready to start seeking the Lord? Maybe, but you’ll want to make sure you’re not starting a journey carrying a load of rocks that will hold you back. What load are we talking about? It’s our old enemy of sin.
What exactly is “sin” that separates us from God? Sin is “lawlessness or transgression of God’s will, either by omitting to do what God’s Law requires or by doing what it forbids. The transgression can occur in thought, word, or deed.”[v] Sin is a huge problem, like a cancer that slowly eats away a person’s life. It causes pain and suffering, not only to the doer, but to society. It is the barrier to seeking God.
If we are breaking God’s laws, how can we search, strive, follow, or desire Him? Although you may be interested in seeking the Lord, if there are areas of sin in your life, the search will be extremely difficult. You will fall into a pattern of turning to God, then turning away in sin, turning to, turning away, and so on. Later we will see an example of someone who tried to seek God while disobeying at the same time. He proved it could not be done. So how do you remove the obstacle of sin so you can seek the Lord and enjoy fellowship with your Creator? Here are some helpful guidelines:
- Tell God about your sin.
If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. (1 John 1:9)
Deal with sin by admitting (confessing) the sin, asking to be forgiven, and allowing God to cleanse you. Keep in mind that being clean requires that you first get clean (through God’s action) and then stay clean (choosing to leave sin behind you). How do you stay clean? Keep reading. Just remember, God “is faithful and just to forgive,” so even when you blow it, do not wait. Come to Him right away.
2. Be on Guard.
Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil walks about like a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour. (1 Peter 5:8)
God’s enemy, the devil (or Satan), is your enemy too. He is looking for ways to tempt you, catch you unaware, and get you to sin. So, if you know certain temptations lure you into sin, watch out! Avoid the thoughts, people, and places that cause you to sin; they are your enemies.
3. Use God’s Word.
How can a young man cleanse his way?
By taking heed according to Your word. (Psalm 119:9)
Your word I have hidden in my heart,
That I might not sin against You. (Psalm 119:11)
Learn God’s Word so you will be equipped to resist sin. If this sounds like an overwhelming amount of preparation, don’t worry. The examples we will see throughout this book will show you how to seek the Lord and deal with the influence of sin. You’ll see real people you can identify with and learn from as they handle with real-life situations. Hopefully, they will motivate you immediately, then provide encouragement as you reflect back on them over time. Best of all, God wants you to seek, so He will help. You are not alone!
Here are some quick explanations of terminology to help avoid confusion.
- God – “the creator and sustainer of the universe who has provided humankind with a revelation of Himself through the natural world and through His Son, Jesus Christ.”[vi]
- Lord – title for God. Instead of saying “the Lord God,” we’ll use either Lord or God.
- LORD – special Hebrew name for God, capitalized in English Bibles to distinguish from the title Lord.
- Seeker – someone who searches for, desires, or follows God. Throughout the book we will use the term seeker interchangeably with “follower of God” and “follower of Jesus.”
Also, you will notice sometimes pronouns or other words are capitalized even when they are not the first word of sentence. These instances indicate a reference to God or one of His divine attributes, such as “His Word.”
Finally, when citing something from the Bible, the name of the book, chapter, and verse will be given in the text as (Book Name #:#) for easy reference.
Abraham, Part 1: Seeking Through Believing
Even though he lived almost 4,000 years ago, Abraham’s life still stands at the crossroads of human history as an example for us. The beginning of his incredible life is summed up in the following verse:
By faith Abraham obeyed when he was called to go out to the place which he would receive as an inheritance. And he went out, not knowing where he was going. (Hebrews 11:8)
What is significant about him having faith and obeying God? For starters, most people do not have faith and do not obey God. Thus, Abraham demonstrated a willingness to be different from society in order to pursue the Lord. The other significant thing is that travel was risky business in ancient times. Abraham had no idea where God was sending him, and there were no highways with luxury buses, railroads with first-class seating, or airlines with direct travel. Abraham’s options were to travel on foot, on the back of an animal, or in a wagon. He would have to make do without any maps, motels, or sandwich shops along the way. And to top it all off, there was no moving company to ship his household goods. Saying yes to God was a huge commitment, even if he had a sense of adventure. Also, at his age, Abraham was probably past the point of thrill-seeking; he was already “seasoned” and would have been eligible for Social Security, had such a program existed.
Now the LORD had said to Abram: “Get out of your country, from your family and from your father’s house, to a land that I will show you.” So Abram departed as the LORD had spoken to him, and [his nephew] Lot went with him. And Abram was seventy-five years old when he departed from Haran. (Genesis 12:1, 4)
Can you imagine being 75 years old and receiving a command to pack up and start a new life (and not at a retirement center)? We don’t know what questions or arguments went through Abraham’s mind, what fear or uncertainty he might have felt. But we know he obeyed, trusting God. What did Abraham trust God to do? Let’s take a look.
God made some big promises when he told Abraham to leave:
“I will make you a great nation; I will bless you and make your name great; and you shall be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, and I will curse him who curses you; and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.” (Genesis 12:2–3)
Abraham was trusting God to fulfill these remarkable promises. God said he would become a great nation, but at that time Abraham did not have a single child. Additionally, God promised to give Abraham great blessings and to make him a blessing to the whole world. What kind of person has faith to hear such promises? To what kind of person does God give such promises? Perhaps the person who seeks the Lord, has a desire to follow God, and is willing to obey Him. Yes, this is the type of person Abraham was.
And the Scripture was fulfilled which says, “Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.” And he was called the friend of God. (James 2:23)
What kind of person are you? Do you desire to follow God? Do you have faith to receive His promises? If a 75-year-old can have faith to start a new life with a difficult journey, you can have such faith as well. Hopefully, Abraham and the other examples in this book will challenge and build your faith as you seek the Lord.
Abraham had a lifestyle of seeking God, but in this beginning episode, we see him seeking God’s promises. The first promise was for his own land:
He was called to go out to the place which he would receive as an inheritance. (Hebrews 11:8)
By faith he dwelt in the land of promise as in a foreign country, dwelling in tents with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise; for he waited for the city which has foundations, whose builder and maker is God. (Hebrews 11:9–10)
You might be wondering why was faith needed to live in the Promised Land. For starters, one man cannot truly possess a country, let alone a land filled with Canaanites (Genesis 12:6). Abraham would need God’s protection to move into a place with an established culture, economy, and false religions. Yet Abraham was not just seeking a physical land but the City built by God (Hebrews 11:10) where there would be peace and rest (Hebrews 4:1).
Here is an important point: while Abraham had been given earthly promises, he did not lose sight of the spiritual long-term reality. This is really significant because Abraham only saw part of the promises fulfilled during his lifetime. The rest would pass on to his descendants.
These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off were assured of them, embraced them and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth. (Hebrews 11:13)
Abraham and his early descendants believed God. Recognizing that this world of sin and sadness was not their final home, they desired
a better, that is, a heavenly country. Therefore God is not ashamed to be called their God, for He has prepared a city for them. (Hebrews 11:16)
What does this have to do with seeking God? Remember, Jesus said that your heart is where your treasure is (Matthew 6:21). Abraham showed that he treasured his relationship with God and that his heart was in heaven. His pursuit of God’s promises of an earthly inheritance was an act of faith that demonstrated he was really seeking the Lord. Abraham lived several big acts of faith (notice I said “lived acts of faith” not “did acts of faith”) in addition to the normal day-to-day faith that he showed. Now the question is, what act or series of acts of faith are in your life that demonstrate you are seeking God?
The early church leader James challenged people who hoped to show faith without actions. We can’t do it.
But someone will say, “You have faith, and I have works.” Show me your faith without your works, and I will show you my faith by my works. (James 2:18)
Just as humans cannot see faith in God apart from actions, God desires us to demonstrate that we are actually seeking through actions. Otherwise, if we say, “I’m seeking God,” but are not doing anything, we are really just fooling ourselves.
Where’s My Son?
That was just the beginning of Abraham’s story. Now let us consider another part of his life in relation to seeking God—looking for a child. Remember, God told Abraham he would become a great nation in Genesis 12:2. Yet Abraham still had no children to turn into a nation. At this point we get a great reminder that Abraham is human and not some Super Saint floating through life on a cloud. Just like you and I would do after waiting a long time for something we expected, Abraham asked God, “What’s going on?” Here is how the conversation went:
But Abram said, “LORD GOD, what will You give me, seeing I go childless, and the heir of my house is Eliezer of Damascus?” Then Abram said, “Look, You have given me no offspring; indeed one [servant] born in my house is my heir!” (Genesis 15:2–3)
Abraham essentially said, “Look, God, you haven’t given me any kids like You promised. My servant will inherit the land!” In his statement, Abraham showed he was a practical person. God had pledged, and Abraham was simply asking what was going on with His promise. God responded.
And behold, the word of the LORD came to him, saying, “This one shall not be your heir, but one who will come from your own body shall be your heir.” Then He brought him outside and said, “Look now toward heaven, and count the stars if you are able to number them.” And He said to him, “So shall your descendants be.”
And he believed in the LORD, and He accounted it to him for righteousness. (Genesis 15:4–6)
God assured Abraham that his own son, not a servant, would get the land. Then He challenged him to count the stars. Of course, Abraham could not count all the stars, yet the Lord said his descendants would be just as numerous. This was quite a promise. However, God did not say when the child would appear. What was Abraham’s reaction? He believed in spite of being old. This trust demonstrated Abraham was seeking God.
The Lord saw Abraham’s trust and credited him with righteousness. That was a huge blessing, but what does that mean? Why did Abraham need righteousness? Wasn’t he already a saint?
There is none who does good, no, not one. (Psalm 14:3b)
For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God. (Romans 3:23)
All of us, including Abraham, are naturally sinners and unrighteous. (Abraham even sinned by trying to “help” God keep His promise in Genesis 16.) This is a wretched condition that we can’t change on our own. You might say, “I was never that bad!” However, the truth is, you were never that good and could not be good enough on your own. The Bible says God’s love comes to us
not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to His mercy He saved us, through the washing of regeneration and renewing of the Holy Spirit, whom He poured out on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Savior. (Titus 3:5–6)
Only God can make a sinner into a saint and turn an unrighteous person into a righteous one. He does that through Jesus, who has paid the penalty for our sins (1 Peter 2:24). Today, now that Jesus has come, we believe in what He’s done, we are saved, and we are made righteous. Abraham lived before Jesus, but his faith and trust in God allowed the Lord to credit him with righteousness in advance. Thus, Abraham (and all the faithful people in the Old Testament) were made righteous looking forward to when Jesus would come, while we are saved looking back.
This episode of Abraham’s faith is so noteworthy that it was recorded again in Romans 4:20–22. Finally, it was rewarded and realized.
And the LORD visited Sarah as He had said, and the LORD did for Sarah as He had spoken. For Sarah conceived and bore Abraham a son in his old age, at the set time of which God had spoken to him. And Abraham called the name of his son who was born to him—whom Sarah bore to him—Isaac. (Genesis 21:1–3)
What a day for Abraham! What a miracle for a 100-year-old man (Genesis 21:4)! We may wonder why God waited so long to fulfill His promise to Abraham and why sometimes it seems like God has not shown up for us. It might just be that He wants us to realize some things must be miracles and cannot be accomplished by human effort. When big blessings come, they should bring glory to God, not to us. We might be tempted to think Abraham, having received such a huge blessing, must have lived happily ever after. But the story doesn’t end yet; there is more to come…
Think About It
- Do you think it was easy for Abraham to leave his home and start a new life? How might you respond if God said, “Pack up and move”?
- One big lesson we learn from Abraham is that he obeyed God. How did his obedience to leave home show his faith? What does your obedience to God say about your faith?
- To wait for a child, Abraham needed faith in an unseen promise. Is it possible to believe God for unseen promises today?
- Are there any promises you have yet to believe? And how strong is your belief?
- When might it be okay to ask God for evidence of the unseen (or a sign) as Abraham did when he said, “What will you give me?” When might it be wrong? (Hint: if God has given a command, like “do not commit adultery,” don’t ask for a sign just because he or she “really loves me.”)
- Do you think you could have faith like Abraham? Why or why not?
- What might help you to have this type of faith? (Hint: who do you trust more, a stranger or a close friend? If you are seeking God and get to know Him, it is easier to trust and have faith in His promises.)
Pray that God would help you hold on to His promises even when it seems He is taking a long time.
Abraham, Part 2: Seeking Through Testing
Abraham’s life of faith and seeking God did not end when his long-awaited promised son arrived. He learned that you never arrive at a finishing point in seeking God while on earth; rather, it is a lifestyle.
Now it came to pass after these things that God tested Abraham, and said to him, “Abraham!” And he said, “Here I am.” Then He said, “Take now your son, your only son Isaac, whom you love, and go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains of which I shall tell you.” (Genesis 22:1–2)
What kind of test is this? We can’t imagine God asking us such a thing, even as a test. Abraham did not know it was a test; all he knew was God said, “Go.” As with obeying God to leave his original home, the Genesis account does not tell us what Abraham thought or what his doubts and fears were. We do know that he obeyed:
So Abraham rose early in the morning and saddled his donkey, and took two of his young men with him, and Isaac his son; and he split the wood for the burnt offering, and arose and went to the place of which God had told him. (Genesis 22:3)
At this point we must challenge ourselves and ask, how well and how fast do we obey God? When you learn of God’s commands in the Bible, do you debate, rationalize, delay, or refuse to obey? Is there something God has called you to do that you are putting off? He has told all of us,
“You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind…[and] You shall love your neighbor as yourself.” (Matthew 22:37, 39)
Also, He has told all of us,
Let no corrupt word proceed out of your mouth, but what is good for necessary edification, that it may impart grace to the hearers. (Ephesians 4:29)
The Lord only asks us to do what is good and beneficial, so we should willingly obey. Yet it is too easy to place our immediate desires ahead of God’s long-term good. It might be helpful to remember Jesus’ words,
“You are My friends if you do whatever I command you.” (John 15:14)
By obeying, you can show that you are seeking God’s friendship. Abraham knew and lived this out, so he was called the friend of God (James 2:23b).
What Was Abraham Thinking?
We may still ask, how was Abraham able to offer up his son? Wasn’t Isaac the promised one who would inherit everything? How would he inherit anything if he was dead? I’m sure Abraham asked the same questions and came to the realization that Isaac could not inherit anything if he was dead. But where human logic stops, that is where faith steps in. In the New Testament, the Bible tells us what Abraham was thinking.
By faith Abraham, when he was tested, offered up Isaac, and he who had received the promises offered up his only begotten son, of whom it was said, “In Isaac your seed shall be called,” concluding that God was able to raise him up, even from the dead, from which he also received him in a figurative sense. (Hebrews 11:17–19)
Since God had said He would fulfill His promise through Isaac, Abraham figured that God must raise him from the dead after he was offered. Abraham’s trust in God’s Word gave him the faith to obey and pass this incredible test.
Did He Do It?
How does the story end? Was Isaac killed and raised? Abraham did build an altar and placed his son on it.
And Abraham stretched out his hand and took the knife to slay his son.
But the Angel of the LORD called to him from heaven and said, “Abraham, Abraham!” So he said, “Here I am.” And He said, “Do not lay your hand on the lad, or do anything to him; for now I know that you fear God, since you have not withheld your son, your only son, from Me.” (Genesis 22:10–12)
Abraham was ready to offer up Isaac when the Lord stopped him and said something rather stunning: “Now I know that you fear God, since you have not withheld your son.” The Lord informed Abraham that this was a test to prove he honored and valued God more than anything or anyone. This may seem strange to us, but think about it. How many little things in our lives interfere with a strong spiritual relationship? All of our busy activities and entertainment eat up time that could be spent with God. Then how many “big things” in our lives interfere also? Perhaps Abraham had gotten over all the little interferences, and this was the last big one.
Jesus spoke of this when great crowds came to follow Him, showing that only a few were willing to make a serious commitment.
Now great multitudes went with Him. And He turned and said to them, “If anyone comes to Me and does not hate his father and mother, wife and children, brothers and sisters, yes, and his own life also, he cannot be My disciple.” (Luke 14:25–26)
Don’t miss the inclusion of hating your own life. Jesus was not singling out family. Though this seems harsh, before you condemn the Lord, you should ask, what was Jesus saying? Simply this—your love for Jesus must be so great that by comparison, love for others looks like hate. In fact, the meaning of the word used for “hate” in the Greek New Testament text has two parts—the expected meaning of “detest” but also “by extension to love less.”[vii] It is really a question of who gets first place in your life: family, self, or Jesus. The Lord helps us understand this better when He said,
“No servant can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one and love the other, or else he will be loyal to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve God and mammon [or money].” (Luke 16:13)
Will you serve something that holds back your relationship with the Almighty, or will you serve Him?
Obviously, the Lord did not want Isaac to die. He wanted Abraham to show he would live for God. The same is true for us, which is why He asked us to
present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your reasonable service. (Romans 12:1)
A “living sacrifice” is simply available to serve God 100 percent. You become one by “dying” to your own desires. Elisha A. Hoffman helped explain this idea with the song “Is Your All on the Altar?”
You have longed for sweet peace, and for faith to increase,
and have earnestly, fervently prayed,
But you cannot have rest or be perfectly blessed
until all on the altar is laid.
Would you walk with the Lord, in the light of His Word,
and have peace and contentment alway?
You must do his sweet will, to be free from all ill,
on the altar your all you must lay.
Because Abraham lived seeking God 100 percent, the Lord blessed him and said,
“By Myself I have sworn, says the LORD, because you have done this thing, and have not withheld your son, your only son—blessing I will bless you, and multiplying I will multiply your descendants as the stars of the heaven and as the sand which is on the seashore; and your descendants shall possess the gate of their enemies.” (Genesis 22:16–17)
Can you imagine the blessings God will bestow on you and your children if you seek and obey Him? If you are not convinced or are tempted to doubt that the Lord will keep His promises, consider the words of King Solomon:
“Blessed be the LORD, who has given rest to His people Israel, according to all that He promised. There has not failed one word of all His good promise, which He promised through His servant Moses.” (1 Kings 8:56)
Notice he said “all” twice. God has proven His track record 100 percent, so you can trust as you seek, just like Abraham.
Think About It
- What impressed you with this episode of Abraham’s life? If you were him, could you have put Isaac on the altar?
- Have you ever been confused by a command from God?
- What can help you believe God has your best in mind even when you don’t understand your circumstances or are confused by something He has asked you to do?
- How can you have faith like Abraham to place your all on the altar?
- Look up Romans 8:28 and 2 Corinthians 6:17–7:1 and consider that God always keeps His promises. How does that help your faith?
Pray that God will help your faith grow like Abraham’s so you can pass on blessings to future generations just as he did.
[i] Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible, James Strong, Hendrickson Publishers. Hebrew definition number 1245.
[ii] Ibid. Hebrew definition number 1875.
[iii] Ibid. Greek definition number 2212.
[iv] Ibid. Greek definition number 1934.
[v] Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Thomas Nelson Publishers 1995, Robert F. Youngblood, p. 1181.
[vi] Youngblood, p 501.
[vii] Strong. Greek definition number 3404.